The pollen is collected from flowers that are in full bloom and then dried before using. (21). Grilled Fennel Bulbs. But wild fennel isn’t the same as the bulb fennel that we are familiar with in the US. The peak growing season for fennel is autumn and winter. View experiencesicily’s profile on Facebook, View experiencesicily’s profile on Instagram, Cooking In Sicily: Stirring Sicily September 2021, Cooking In Sicily: Stirring Sicily September 2022. 2. Although the taste may take some getting used to at first, fennel provides an enormous amount of health benefits. (8), It is also common in certain cultures to chew fennel seeds after meals to help digestion and eliminate bad breath. Names. The entire fennel plant can be consumed, including the bulb, leaves and seeds. Learn how your comment data is processed. Fennel seeds are rich in flavonoid antioxidants and they contain a concentrated source of micronutrients. Research published in the International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition indicates that fennel has a substantial body of data to support its digestion-enhancing activities. In traditional Chinese medicine, it is used to help with a variety of ailments from congestion to helping increase the flow of breast milk. The high fiber and the potassium content make fennel a double whammy in reducing risk of cardiovascular disease by lowering both cholesterol and blood pressure. man received knowledge from Mount Olympus in the form of a fiery coal held in a stalk of fennel Latin Name - Foeniculum vulgare; English Name - Fennel Seeds, Sweet Fennel, Wild Fennel; Hindi Name - Saunf One average-size fennel bulb contains 73 calories, 3 grams of protein, and 17 grams of carbohydrate. (1). Can benefit heart health. Fennel seeds are also used … Fennel provides additional important vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamin B6, vitamin K and folate. It tastes similar to anise and is also highly aromatic. Wild fennel is used in cooking as an aromatic herb, but also has numerous phytotherapeutic properties. The seeds are commonly dried and used as a spice. The fennel bulb can stay in the refrigerator for about four to five days. Studies show that diets high in fiber can help people to effectively lose weight. (6, 7). It grows wild across Sicily throughout spring and into summer, and is the principal ingredient after sardines for pasta con le sarde. It has also been used as a stimulant to promote lactation and menstruation as well as to improve symptoms in postmenopausal women. Fennel is exceptionally high in fiber, with each bulb providing 7 grams of dietary fiber or 28 percent of your daily needs. We can also use the leaves of our organic fennel in cooked meals like soups, stews, steamed with veges, baked with other veges or in a coconut cream. Fennel is a tall herb with hollow stems and yellow flowers. Today, this popular vegetable continues to be one of the most widely used herbal plants. It is commonly used in medicines to reduce symptoms of non-ulcer dyspepsia and flatulence in infants and young children. Wild fennel pollenis also used as a rub for meat and fish and is an inexpensive alternative for saffron. In fact, wild fennel (finocchio selvatico) only grows naturally in Northern California here in the States, and isn’t so easy to come by in markets anywhere else in the country. Fennel is also used to make absinthe, an alcohol beverage that’s very high in alcohol (45 to 74 percent ABV) and known for its natural green color. I also use the stalks of the leaves as I love the crunch factor! In this photo, to show you the difference, on the left is domesticated bulb fennel–not the same plant or ingredient as what is used in pasta con le sarde, and next to it is a dried wild fennel stalk and its flower. Foods high in fiber, especially soluble fiber, as is found in fennel, have been shown to help reduce cholesterol levels in the bloodstream. It can also help with stomach upset, insect bites, or to soothe a sore throat. Its bulb can be eaten raw, sauteed, roasted or stewed in soups. These latter help to reduce the amount of salt when cooking and exploit all the phytotherapeutical benefits. It grows wild across Sicily throughout spring and into summer, and is the principal ingredient after sardines for pasta con le sarde. (15). Fennel, or finocchio, as it’s called in Italian, is an important ingredient in Sicilian cuisine. Fennel has been used in many cultures for its medicinal properties. All parts of the fennel bulb can be eaten, including the seeds, leaves and the bulb itself. It is often used in essential oil blends and may help alleviate symptoms of menopause and PMS. The plant originated in the Souther Mediterranean region and through cultivation began to grow wild throughout the Northern, Eastern and Western hemispheres. Fennel is a mild appetite suppressant and is used to improve the kidneys, spleen, liver and lungs. The entire fennel plant is edible, including the bulb, seeds, stalk and leaves. Fennel has been used as medicine for thousands of years. (19). are clickable links to these studies. One bulb also provides 969 milligrams of potassium or 27 percent of the recommended daily amount. The stalks should be bundled together and not flowering. Note how small the wild fennel seeds are. Fennel is valued in Ayurvedic medicine because of its warming properties. But don’t expect lower blood pressure overnight, it takes about four weeks of consuming a high potassium diet to see a drop in blood pressure. The seed tincture or tea is effective for treating intestinal spasms that result from … From shop IvorySage. A deficiency in vitamin C is called scurvy, which manifests in the inability to properly form collagen, leading to bleeding gums and bleeding below the skin. Since the time of Hippocrates, it was used as medicine. The small flowers of wild fennel (mistakenly known in the US as “pollen”) are the most potent part, and the most expensive. Due to the high potassium content, those with kidney disease should limit the amount of fennel they eat. Wild Fennel Herb Bundle ~ Wicca, Pagan, Hoodoo, Voodoo, Shamanic Ritual Herb, Wild Fennel Flower, Fennel Fern, Fennel Seed Herb IvorySage. One cup of fennel contains about 43 milligrams of calcium, which can be helpful for those who don’t consume enough foods high in calcium and may have a calcium deficiency. Pollen is slightly grainy, so it can also be toasted before adding to the vinaigrette to release its essential oils and aromatics. To prepare the fennel bulb, first cut the stalks off the bulb where they sprout. Researchers also point out ginger, peppermint, citrus fruits, dandelion and chamomile for their ability to aid digestion as well. A diet high in potassium can reduce systolic blood pressure by 5.5 points when compared to a high sodium diet. Fennel is mainly native to the Mediterranean region and also cultivated in Asia, Europe, North America, and Australia. Vitamin C is also necessary for the formation of collagen and a powerful tool in protecting skin’s appearance, making it a good choice to naturally slow aging. Then say hello to fennel with this delicious soup recipe! Nibble on the seeds after a big meal, or brew up some fennel tea. The Greeks would use fennel during their ceremonies because it symbolized pleasure and prosperity. Fennel essential oil and all parts of the plant are used for cooking, baking and as medicine for over 40 types of disorders. Wild fennel can be used in the same way that many other vegetables are used. It was also used as part of an eyewash to promote eye health. Potassium works against sodium, helping to fight high blood pressure in the body. Like fennel and anise, licorice helps to ease digestive issues and relieve female reproductive issues, including PMS and menopause. Although this research may be promising and many desperate parents may want to run out and get some fennel oil, there is not an established safe dose for infants at this time. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. 2 (medium to large) fennel bulbs stems removed and diced. Raw in just about anything. Researchers conclude that fennel may help ease menopausal symptoms in women with low estrogen levels as well as those who have experienced early menopause or have had a hysterectomy or oophorectomy. Sweet fennel plant is the older of the two, and even now is barely domesticated –California residents are undoubtedly familiar with the invasive nature of wild fennel. Fennel’s ability to decrease inflammation led researchers to investigate if fennel’s properties could be applied to other inflammatory diseases, including various forms of cancers. Today, absinthe is not allowed to be sold in bars and liquid stores. When you buy dried fennel seed, you’re buying wild seed. Use the seed while it’s still green, before it dries out completely and turns a dull gray. Fennel Pollen Vinaigrette. Like anise and licorice, fennel is also used to fight bacterial, fungal and viral infections. But wild fennel isn’t the same as the bulb fennel that we are familiar with in the US. For centuries, fennel has been used in various Mediterranean countries for cooking and baking. 11 oz of wild fennel leaves 1 lb 8 oz of sugar 1 US quart of 95° alcohol 3 ½ cups of water 1 teaspoon of fennel seeds 1 untreated lemon. Fennel seed is one of the most effective digestive aids, having carminative, smooth muscle antispasmodic, and stomachic properties. In traditional medicine, fennel is used to treat a range of ailments, from simple issues like the common cold and cough, to more complicated conditions like cancer, arthritis, colic, abdominal pain, diarrhea, constipation, liver pain and kidney issues. 3. Thinly sliced and ‘pickled’ like you’d pickle red onion. Fennel has been used as a flavoring agent, a scent, and an insect repellent, as well as an herbal remedy for poisoning and GI conditions. The leaves are simple and linear and are 2–15 cm in length. Homemade Wild Fennel Liqueur recipe. Adding fennel to your diet can help balance the pH level within your body, especially within your stomach, and can reduce reflux after meals. Fennel contains many of these vision-saving nutrients. Fennel has some great medicinal uses. In 2018, a study published in the Journal of Menopausal Medicine found that when postmenopausal women used fennel to improve their cholesterol, it resulted in a slight positive change in LDL and HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. 5 out of 5 stars (79) 79 reviews $ 7.50. Fennel also helped to improve sexual function and sexual satisfaction. But researchers have found that fennel seed oil has been shown to reduce pain and increase motility in the small intestine, making it can excellent natural remedy for colic.Fennel also helps to calm the infant and reduce abdominal distension. It is primarily used as a post meal digestive aid, and is good for heartburn, gas, bloating, and regulating appetite. Research shows that increasing calcium intake from dietary sources increases your bone mineral density. Although for most people fennel is a great, healthy vegetable choice, people with certain medical conditions may have to limit or avoid the consumption of fennel. It is believed that anethole reduces inflammation that may lead to the development of cancer, although further research is needed to determine how it can be used exactly. Humid and temperate regions are good for the cultivation of this plant. Contains Antioxidants and Antimicrobial Characteristics. Wild (really feral) fennel differs from garden fennel in that it rarely sets a bulb and has smaller seeds than the domesticated variety. (14). A 2017 study in Menopause suggests that the use of fennel, a phytoestrogen, may contribute to improvements in menopausal symptoms. It is also called sweet fennel. Aromatherapy Uses: Fennel smells lovely. Add fennel and apples and cook for 5-10 minutes until they start to soften or brown. Fennel has been used for centuries in Chinese medicine to help treat inflammatory conditions such as insect bites or sore throat. Wild fennel has be used to treat heartburn, gas, bloatingangina, asthma, angina, coughs.It has also been used as a digestive aid, appetite suppressant, analgesic digestive aid, Analgesic and is said to have Anti-inflammatory properties. Fennel is included in the GAPS diet, as well as on my Healing Food Shopping List, because of its ability to ease digestion. In the ancient world, the Romans, Greeks and Egyptians used fennel as part of their ceremonies. In North America, fennel was used by the Cherokees in the same ways that the root vegetable is used today. Both plants do have fronds (the little green leaves, not shown here on the dried wild fennel), but the aroma and flavor of the wild fennel is much more licorice-y than the bulb fennel. Due to its high flavonoid, vitamin C and mineral content, it can help reduce oxidative damage and inflammation, and may help prevent macular degeneration. Botanical Name of Fennel: Foeniculum vulgare. With the slight sweetness of apples and the amazing nutrition of fennel, your whole family will be coming back for seconds! Anise is used as a spice to add flavor to a variety of dishes. Galactagogues increase the production of breast milk. Fennel recipients saw significant improvements in symptoms, whereas placebo recipients did not. With strict editorial sourcing guidelines, we only link to academic research institutions, reputable media sites and, when research is available, medically peer-reviewed studies. Wild fennel sausage wrapped in caul, with lightly dressed watercress and wild plum Tkemali sauce, for an event I did recently. This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts and fact checked by our trained editorial staff. Fennel is a plant in the carrot and celery family. Medicinally Wild Fennel has been used to treat colic, gas, and upset tummies. You can use it in cooking, mix it with fish, meat, and vegetables. 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