All believers thus call upon the Lord Jesus, and none else will do so humbly or sincerely. Romans 10:18 Context. it reaches to the end of the earth. But I say, Have they not heard — As if he had said, Their unbelief was not owing to the want of hearing. MacKenzie - Galatians and Romans Neil - The Expositor's Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans Piper - How Shall People be Saved 1 (10:13-21) Piper - How Shall People be Saved 2 (10:13-21) Price - Romans Bible Commentary Robinson - A Suggestive Commentary on St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans Sadler - The Epistle to the Romans 20. Commentary on Romans 3:19,20 (Read Romans 3:19,20) It is in vain to seek for justification by the works of the law. 4. Thus, the great facts and doctrines of the gospel had in fact been made known; and the objection of the Jew was met. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Their words - In the psalm, the heavens are represented as speaking, and teaching people the knowledge of the true God. Paul, reasoning before Agrippa, says, that he could not be ignorant of those things, for they had not been done in a corner; Acts 26:26. Whether the apostle quoted them as in their primary intention applicable to his subject (as Olshausen, Alford, &c.), or only "used scriptural language to express his own ideas, as is done involuntarily almost by every preacher in every sermon" [Hodge], expositors are not agreed. The Ethiopic version confines these words to Israel, and reads, "have not Israel heard?" ((g) T. Bab. Also a voice, a report. 4:6 ) ; and the Jews say F7. Moses suggests it would, ( Deuteronomy The objection was, that it had not been made known to either, and that therefore it could not be maintained to be just to condemn those who rejected it. Barnes's Romans 10:3 Bible Commentary For they being ignorant - The ignorance of the Jews was voluntarily, and therefore criminal. ... Interlinear Bibles Cross-Refs Commentaries … as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! ministry to them only, and after their commission was enlarged, not Israel heard?" others understand these words of the law, of which many proper opportunity, they did as the Lord commanded them, and the "that when the law was given to Israel, , "its voice went from one end of the world to the other".''. Aug 31, 2003. In machinegun like fashion he again offers Scripture in rapid-fire style to show that Israel was culpable for rejecting the Messiah. (f) T. Bab. Ethiopic version confines these words to Israel, and reads, "have Romans 10 – Israel’s Present Rejection of God A. Israel’s rejection of the gospel of salvation through Jesus Christ. Romans 10:18-21. This Epistle was written about the year 57. &c.] (rmwa ynaw), "but I say", is a phrase frequently used by the Jewish doctors in disputation, either in forming or answering objections. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Greeting 1:1-7. v1 From Paul. the Jews, yet the fame of it reached the nations of the world, as ministry for a while; yea, they heard Christ himself preach it, He brought compelling evidence that all are under sin. &c.] (rmwa ynaw), "but I say", is a phrase frequently used by the Jewish doctors in disputation, either in forming or answering objections. Romans 10:18. Romans 10 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Or as it is better expressed by Philo (h), and almost in the words of this text, "the fame of the laws which Moses left, is gone throughout all the world, unto the ends of the earth.''. The psalmist employs them to show that the works of God, the heavens and the earth, proclaim his existence everywhere. Romans 10:1-4. Romans 10: 1-13 The Righteousness of God. ascribed to the inanimate creatures; and which is so loud, that yes, verily: which the Arabic renders just the reverse, "no", or "not at all, notwithstanding their sound went into all the earth"; and so makes this an aggravation of their stupidity, and obstinate rejection of the Gospel, that they would not hear it, though its sound reached every place; but the answer is in the affirmative, they did hear. 2.4 Israel’s failure to believe was predicted in their own Scriptures. Here is a Bible study, with commentary and summary for Romans chapter ten. Brothers and sisters, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. The works of God literally proclaim his wisdom to all lands and to all people. divine revelation; which was a sort of a prelude of the after on StudyLight.org Romans 9: 14-24 The Potter and the Clay. "Surely it is not true that they did not hear.". according to the will of God; thus, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto The meaning here is, that that may be affirmed in fact of the gospel which David affirmed of the works of God, that their sound had gone into all the earth. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 3 For, being ignorant of the righteousness that comes from God, and seeking to establish their own, they have not submitted to God’s righteousness. Yoma, fol. Romans 10:5-8. All the day long have I stretched forth my hands. extensive spread of the Gospel among them: a voice, or sound, is Romans 11: 7-15 Life from the Dead. Romans 10: 14-21 Has Israel Not Heard? But I ask, Have they not heard? God did not make the Israelites look for His Word that told them of their salvation from Egypt and how they were to thank Him for it, but He came to … Romans 10:18 - Amplified Bible. 18 But The “but” here is strong contrast to the idea that Israel was not exposed to divine revelation. In Colossians 1:23, Paul says that the gospel had been preached to every creature which is under heaven; see Colossians 1:6. 116. No entry exists in Forerunner Commentary for Romans 10:18. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. the apostles of Christ, who for some time were limited in their Romans 10:14–21 explains that, despite hearing the gospel and understanding it, Israel continues to disobey. Zebachim, fol. disputation, either in forming or answering objections. notwithstanding their sound went into all the earth"; and so Romans 9: 6-13 Children of the Promise. But though the latter may seem the more natural since "the rising of the Sun of righteousness upon the world" (Mal 4:2), "the Dayspring from on high visiting us, giving light to them that sat in darkness, and guiding our feet into the way of peace" (Lu 1:78, 79), must have been familiar and delightful to the apostle's ear, we cannot doubt that the irradiation of the world with the beams of a better Sun by the universal diffusion of the Gospel of Christ, must have a mode of speaking quite natural, and to him scarcely figurative. But the meaning of the apostle is, that the message of the gospel had sounded forth; and he referred doubtless to the labors of the apostles in proclaiming it to the pagan nations. Sermons: 1. The strictness of the law showed men their need of salvation by grace, through faith. The word "they," in this place, I take to refer to the Gentiles. I consider myself to be a slave of *Christ Jesus. Romans 10:18-21 2. 16 But they have not all obeyed the gospel. Romans 10:12-17. Why should I not grant that, says the apostle, seeing that there is no nation which has not been called? and then the tone or sound produced by it; and thus was understood by the Septuagint. Romans 10.14-16. the passage referred to is ( Psalms 19:4 ) , which Guilty before God, is a dreadful word; but no man can be justified by a law which condemns him for breaking it. The corruption in our nature, will for ever stop any justification by our own works. What was the fact in regard to Israel, or the Jew, he shows in the next verses. 10. Romans 10:8 quotes Deuteronomy 30:14 in order to point out the gracious nature of the justification that is by faith alone. Romans 10:14-15. Romans 10:18 But I say, have they not heard? in Portam Mosis, c. 4. p. 48, &c. (12) An objection: if calling is a testimony of election, were not the Jews called? There are three voices, the Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world. which the Arabic renders just the reverse, "no", or "not at all, John Piper Aug 31, 2003 18 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God Desiring God. their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world; the passage referred to is Psalm 19:4, which some here, as there, understand literally of the works of nature, the heavens, the firmament, the sun, moon and stars, proclaiming every where the being of God, his perfections, especially his wisdom, power, and goodness; so that the Gentiles were not without hearing of God, even whilst they were destitute of a divine revelation; which was a sort of a prelude of the after extensive spread of the Gospel among them: a voice, or sound, is ascribed to the inanimate creatures; and which is so loud, that it reaches to the end of the earth. Romans in Outline No. The Gentiles also had heard it; the apostles were bid to go into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature; and at a proper opportunity, they did as the Lord commanded them, and the Gentiles heard the Gospel with joy and pleasure; multitudes were converted everywhere, and churches raised through their ministry, according to the will of God; thus. An intense expression, denoting strong affirmation. All rights reserved. But I say, have they not heard? of the world; and Gentiles; the question refers to each, and the answer is, yes, verily: Their sound - Literally, the sound or tone which is made by a stringed instrument (φθόγγος phthongos). So, in the same manner, Romans 10:18… and other prophets, though they disbelieved the report of it; 2 I can testify that they have a zeal for God, but it is not enlightened. Romans 3:10-12 is a quote from Psalm 14:1-3. The Gentiles also had heard it; the apostles were bid to go into There is some little difference between the passage in the Psalms, and as cited or referred to by the apostle, who instead of "their line", reads "their sound"; which have made some suspect a corruption of the present Hebrew text, or a various reading; and that the Septuagint, followed by the apostle, used a copy which had not, "their line", but "their voice", and which was the true reading; but then how came the Chaldee paraphrase to render it by, "extension", and Aquila by "a canon", or "rule?" (Romans 10 Commentary) They - Although Paul had earlier stated there was no distinction between Jews and Gentiles (Ro 10:12) in regard to whom righteousness by faith was offered, in the context of this chapter, Paul is referring primarily to Jews, the people of Israel, who heard the good news. SUMMARY OF ROMANS 10. ((h) De Vita Mosis, l. 1. p. 657. wisdom, power, and goodness; so that the Gentiles were not The Hebrew word may denote the string of an instrument, of a harp, etc. 1. As used by Paul, it means that the message of the gospel had been spoken, or proclaimed, far and wide. Romans 10:18 - American Standard Version. 18 But I ask: Did they not hear? makes this an aggravation of their stupidity, and obstinate without hearing of God, even whilst they were destitute of a Much less can I say that the Jews were not called. 102. (l) Not. Yes, verily - In the original, a single word, μενοῦνγε menounge, compounded of μέν men and οὖν oun and γέ ge. Romans 10:9-10 “If you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that … Romans 10, Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary by Albert Barnes, a dedicated student of the Bible, continues to be very popular even today. Indeed they have; [for the Scripture says] Their voice [that of nature bearing God's message] has gone out to all the earth, and their words to the far bounds of the world. The quoted question in Romans 10:16 appears in a context relating to the coming Messiah. Paul works through a series of questions, showing where and how Israel has failed to accept the truth given them by God. As applied to the heavens, it would mean that they speak, or proclaim, the wisdom or power of God. Paul quoted from a sequence of six Old Testament passages in 3:10-18 to corroborate his charge resulting in an indictment. Romans 10:1 - Brethren, my heart's desire and my prayer to God for them is for their salvation. Thus, it had been proclaimed in Jerusalem, Syria, Asia Minor, Greece, Rome, Arabia, and in the islands of the Mediterranean. the ends Romans 10:17 : Romans 10:19 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. Paul responds to that question by verses 10:18-21. Surely it cannot be that they have not heard? By using them here, the apostle does not affirm that David had reference to the gospel in them, but he uses them to express his own meaning; he makes an affirmation about the gospel in language used by David on another occasion, but without intimating or implying that David had such a reference. Hi, ... were equally applicable to the faith of the Gospel. Scripture: Romans 10:13–21. 1. Their sound went ... - These words are taken in substance from Psalm 19:4. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. The apostle means to affirm strongly that they had heard. The Ethiopic version confines these words to Israel, and reads, "have not Israel heard?" Introduction 1:1-17. Notice the terms he uses—“none” and “all,” that is, none is good, all are evil. Scribes did not, and wondered at his gracious words; they heard and besides, the Masora observes, that this word is no where else read, which is not true of for that often occurs; to which may be added, had this been the reading, the Septuagint would have rendered it most probably, as they do elsewhere, by "voice", and not "sound": but for the reconciliation of this let it be observed, that the Hebrew word signifies a rule, or plummet, or such a line as builders use in their work, as a direction to them, hence Kimchi (i) explains it by "their building"; and so it may signify any rule, or direction, whether given by writing, and so Aben Ezra (k) interprets it by "writing", or by word of mouth; besides, the carpenter's line, when stretched out, and remitted upon the timber, makes a sound, and hence the word might be used for one: all this agrees with the ministry of the apostles, who were builders; and as they worked by a line and rule themselves, so they gave out rules and directions to others, both by writing and preaching, both which reached far and near; this the apostle seems to allude to, in 2 Corinthians 10:13, where he speaks of the measure, line, and rule of their ministry, which reached to Corinth and further, without going into another man's line: moreover, that great Oriental critic, and our countryman, Mr. Pocock (l), has shown from the use of the word in the Arabic language, that the word in the Psalms may signify a loud cry, or noise, as well as a line, or rule; so that the psalmist and the apostle may be easily reconciled. How Shall People Be Saved? Romans 3:10-18. sound reached every place; but the answer is in the affirmative, Romans 9:1-5 Paul's Sorrow Concerning Israel. CHAPTER 10. and prayer--"supplication." they had not heard it, and they were left entirely inexcusable. Romans 10:18-21 New International Version (NIV). "encomiums" are given in the psalm from whence this passage is Faith righteousness is for anyone who wants it, but they must first hear God's gospel in order to believe it, and to hear the message someone must be sent to preach it. Romans 3:13 is a quote from Psalms 5:9; 140:3. The promise is the same to all, who call on the name of the Lord Jesus as the Son of God, as God manifest in the flesh. Paul uses the Septuagint translation of Psalm 19:4, where the Hebrew line or plummet-line (others musical chord) is rendered sound. Romans 10:5-11. they did hear. Romans 10:4 "For Christ [is] the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth." Romans 11: 1-6 God Has Not Cast Away The Jews. the heavens, the firmament, the sun, moon and stars, proclaiming Commentary on Romans 10:1-4 (Read Romans 10:1-4) The Jews built on a false foundation, and refused to come to Christ for free salvation by faith, and numbers in every age do the same in various ways. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath beleeued our report? "but I say", is a phrase frequently used by the Jewish doctors in Romans 3:14 is a quote from Psalm 10:7. Part 2. (Isaiah 52:13-53:12) Appropriately, therefore, Paul used it when commenting on the unresponsiveness of many Jews to the message about Christ. (1-3) Israel’s refusal to submit to the righteousness of God. of Romans 10:18 Context 15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent? some here, as there, understand literally of the works of nature, yes verely, their sound went into all the earth, and their words vnto the ends of the world. Romans 9: 25-33 A Remnant Will be Saved. 18 But I say, haue they not heard? But certain it is, that the apostle is speaking neither of the light of nature, nor the law of Moses, but of the preaching of the Gospel; and what the Psalmist, literally understood, says of the heavens, that the apostle in an allegorical and mystical sense, or by an argument from the lesser to the greater, or by way of allusion, applies to the apostles and ministers of the Gospel, the luminaries of the world, and stars of heaven; whose ministry, by this time, had reached the then known parts of the habitable world; as it was to do, before the destruction of Jerusalem, according to Christ's prediction, Matthew 24:14, and as the Apostle Paul testifies it had, Colossians 1:6, and in which he himself had a very considerable share, having preached the Gospel from Jerusalem, round about unto Illyricum. to the other"; and one of them is (hmx lglg lwq) , "the voice of the orb of the sun": 18 But I say, have they not heard? One main design waste show that the same scheme of salvation extended to both Jews and Gentiles. converted everywhere, and churches raised through their ministry, Before one calls, one must believe that there is help. - A question is often, as it is here, an emphatic way of affirming a thing. Have they not heard? But I say, Did they not hear? by no means has it remained unheard by them, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Yes, verily, their sound went—"their voice went out". In this way we often quote the language of others as expressing in a happy way our own thoughts, but without supposing that the author had any such reference. Romans 10 - Brethren, my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved. The Jews heard the Gospel in the times of Isaiah, and other prophets, though they disbelieved the report of it; they heard it from John the Baptist, and were pleased with his ministry for a while; yea, they heard Christ himself preach it, who spake as never man did, with power and authority, as the Scribes did not, and wondered at his gracious words; they heard the apostles of Christ, who for some time were limited in their ministry to them only, and after their commission was enlarged, were ordered to preach first to them; so that they could not say they had not heard it, and they were left entirely inexcusable. ... Rom 10:18 - But I say, Have they not heard? every where the being of God, his perfections, especially his 16 But they haue not all obeyed the Gospel. Romans 10:17: “So faith comesfrom hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ.” Some manuscripts read “God” instead of “Christ,” but “Christ” is the better attested reading. 17 So then, faith commeth by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. It means here they have spoken, or declared truth. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Copy Options. Yes indeed: Of course they did: were ordered to preach first to them; so that they could not say Scripture: Romans 10:13–21. into all the earth, and their words unto the end of the world—These beautiful words are from Ps 19:4. who spake as never man did, with power and authority, as the “For … A negative answer is implied by the interrogative particle. Into all the earth - In the psalm, this is to be taken in its utmost signification. As applied to the gospel, it means that it was spread far and wide, that it had been extensively preached in all lands. Romans 1:1-7. Only here and 1 Corinthians 14:7, on which see note. There are three voices, the Jews say (f) which go "from one end of the world to the other"; and one of them is , "the voice of the orb of the sun": others understand these words of the law, of which many "encomiums" are given in the psalm from whence this passage is taken; and though it was delivered peculiarly to the people of the Jews, yet the fame of it reached the nations of the world, as Moses suggests it would, Deuteronomy 4:6; and the Jews say (g). The ignorance of the Jews in 10:1 is, in this verse, specified. To this the apostle replies that then it was extensively known to both; and if so, then the objection in Romans 10:14-15, was not well founded, for in fact the thing existed which the objector maintained to be necessary, to wit, that they had heard, and that preachers had been sent to them. Proud member xix. But I say, Have they not heard? A perhaps possible exculpation for the Jews is suggested by Paul as a spontaneous objection, and that in the form of a question to be negatived, and is then repelled with words from Scripture. This verse seems out of context here, but it is probably a brief summary of verses 14-16 before Paul moves on to focus on the Jews’ unbelief… 19 But I say, Did not Israel know? 2.1 Israel stumbled over Christ — the end of the law. John Piper Jun 1, 2003 69 Shares Sermon. The Septuagint translation is the same as that of the apostle - their voice ὁ φθόγγος αὐτῶν ho phthoggos autōn. Jews say F6 which go "from one end of the world Romans 10:18-21. By confessing with our mouth that Jesus Christ is Lord and by believing this in our hearts, we are saved—nothing more, nothing less. Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for Israel is that they may be saved. rejection of the Gospel, that they would not hear it, though its … Christ is the end of the law so we can be justified and made righteous by faith in Jesus alone. This passage is a major indictment of mankind. In Paul’s quotation in Romans 10:16, the word for “report” is akoé. During the time which had elapsed after the ascension of Christ, the gospel had been preached extensively in all the known nations; so that it might be said that it was proclaimed in those regions designated in the Scripture as the uttermost parts of the earth. all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature; and at a (k) In ib. Romans 10:18 But I say, have they not heard? they heard it from John the Baptist, and were pleased with his Romans 10 teaches the word of faith. The voice of the gospel message is like that of the starry sky proclaiming God's glory to all the earth. Their sound.—Here, the voice of the preachers; in the original of Psalms 19, the unspoken testimony of the works of nature, and especially the heavenly bodies, to natural religion (“What though no real voice or sound,” &c.). 2.2 Salvation was a free choice. The whereas they are to be understood both of Jews 2.3 Salvation was universal to all who believe. 10:12-17 There is not one God to the Jews, more kind, and another to the Gentiles, who is less kind; the Lord is a Father to all men. The apostle, however, does not affirm that this was the meaning of the Hebrew; but he conveyed his doctrine in language which aptly expressed it. Gentiles heard the Gospel with joy and pleasure; multitudes were Salem Media Group. (i) In Psal. The Jews heard the Gospel in the times of Isaiah, Romans 10:18-21 New King James Version (NKJV). taken; and though it was delivered peculiarly to the people of The Septuagint sound seems to be a free rendering in order to secure parallelism with words. It would be sufficiently met by the declaration of the psalmist that the true God was made known by his works, and that therefore they were without excuse (compare Romans 1:20); but in fact the gospel had been preached, and its great doctrine and duties had been proclaimed to all nations far and near. Dr. Mohler's verse-by-verse expository teaching through the book of Romans. David, the author of Psalm 14 from which Paul drew Romans 3:10-18, believed this truth a thousand years before the apostle, and in Psalm 14, David attributes this declaration to God Himself. The Hebrew, is "their line, etc." All must plead guilty. Sunday, June 6, 2004 &c.] (rmwa ynaw) , Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world. For they have heard; yes, verily, &c. — So many nations have already heard the preachers of the gospel, that I may, in some sense, say of them as David did of the lights of heaven, Their sound went into all the earth, &c. 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